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Carl White

Banking Agencies Seek Public Comment on CRA Proposal

Last week, the three federal banking agencies—the Federal Reserve, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation—released an interagency proposal that would revise banking regulations related to the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA). The CRA was passed in 1977 and the last major revisions to CRA regulations occurred almost 20 years ago.

5/11/2022 Read more about Banking Agencies Seek Public Comment on CRA Proposal

The Federal Reserve seeks input from a variety of stakeholders to assist it in making decisions about monetary policy, banking supervision and other responsibilities. Earlier this month, we took a look at the contributions of Reserve bank boards of directors and detailed how they are selected and what they do and don’t do as board members.

Like most corporations, each of the nation’s 12 Federal Reserve banks and their branch offices is governed by a board of directors. While many of their duties are similar to those of corporate boards, these boards do have some unique responsibilities as well as restrictions on activities and oversight.

This is the second part of an article that describes how banks have accommodated the very large involuntary increase in their Fed reserve balances that corresponds to Fed asset purchases. In this post, I show that banks increased their deposit funding substantially, allowing them to reduce nondeposit borrowings. “Core” deposits—deposits excluding large time deposits—also increased significantly, offset, in part, by a decline in large time deposits, which are deposits above $100,000. Concurrently, equity financing declined as a share of assets. I conclude that Fed asset purchases are not responsible directly for the surge in deposits and reduction in other liabilities and equities. Rather, both Fed and bank portfolio shifts are responses to heightened economic stress and uncertainty.

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Take Five is a popular video series featuring St. Louis Fed economist Dr. Bill Emmons. In each video, Emmons provides a quick, concise synopsis of the most recent meeting of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC).